Turkey And Libya Maritime Agreement
The maritime agreement has significantly redefined the borders within the eastern Mediterranean and will strengthen Turkey`s position in the ongoing negotiations in the region. While neighbouring countries have legal positions aimed at excluding Turkey, the agreement between Turkey and Libya will ensure that the allocation of resources in the eastern Mediterranean cannot be done without Turkey`s participation. This will ensure that future dispute resolution in the region is resolved only by consensus. There is no doubt that the current tensions in the eastern Mediterranean have been fuelled by the use of exclusive economic zones as a means of enforcing national rights to energy exploration and natural resources. This came a few months after the agreement between Turkey and Libya, when Greece responded by signing separate maritime border agreements with Egypt and Italy. According to UN procedures, the organization`s member countries indicate that agreements have been signed. Registration at the United Nations does not mean that the international body must approve an agreement, in this case the agreement between Turkey and the Libyan government of the national agreement. There is no authorisation mechanism in this context. Turkey and the GNA also signed an agreement last year on security cooperation and military cooperation. Earlier this year, Turkey sent troops, Syrian mercenaries and other military backers to help the GNA fend off an attack by Libya`s rival eastern-based National Army and fend off the deluge of the conflict. However, if the maritime distance between the two countries is less than 424 miles, exclusive economic zones are governed by bilateral agreements between the two coastal states. During his visit to the United States, Greek Prime Minister Mitsotakis hopes to win the support of the White House and strengthen his hand in the agreement between Egypt and Greece to delimit the EEZ. The EU said it would be available to the Greek and Cypriot duo on the current issue and called on Turkey to act in accordance with European Neighbourhood Policy and stressed that the text of the treaty should be published.
On the other hand, southern Cyprus has announced that it will prepare an appeal to the International Court of Justice. However, in accordance with Article 59 of UNCLOS, “the conflict should be resolved on the basis of justice and taking into account all relevant circumstances, taking into account the respective importance of the interests involved to the parties and to the international community as a whole.” NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg answered a question about Turkey`s drilling activities in the eastern Mediterranean at the 2019 NATO Summit in London.